Quick Answer: What Are Six Ways To Administer Medication?

What are the 6 R’s of medication administration?

something known as the ‘6 R’s’, which stands for right resident, right medicine, right route, right dose, right time, resident’s right to refuse..

What is the most common method to administer medicine?

Oral administration. This is the most frequently used route of drug administration and is the most convenient and economic. … Sublingual. … Rectal administration. … Topical administration. … Parenteral administration. … Intravenous injection.

What are the six rights?

Sometimes considered 5 or 6 “Rights” the “R’s” of medication administration are a systematic approach designed to reduce administration errors. These 6 rights include the right patient, medication, dose, time, route and documentation.

What are two ways to administer medication?

Methods to Administer DrugsIntravenous (IV) (into a vein)Oral (by mouth)Intramuscular (IM) injection (into a muscle)Subcutaneous (SC) injection (under the skin)Intrathecal Therapy (within the spinal canal)

What four things must you check prior to administering medication?

Check the medication record to confirm date, time, dosage and the child to whom the medication is to be administered.

What are the 5 rules for the administration of medication?

One of the recommendations to reduce medication errors and harm is to use the “five rights”: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.

What are the 10 routes of drug administration?

Each route has specific purposes, advantages, and disadvantages.Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

How do you chart medication administration?

Regardless of the type of medication, you can follow these common steps to document administration:Select the relevant dose/medication; click OK.Enter the date/time the medication was administered; click OK.More items…

How do you administer oral medication?

Place the tablet on your tongue and close your mouth around the opening of the bottle. Tilt your head back and keep your mouth sealed in the water bottle. Don’t let any air into your mouth. Suck the water into your mouth and swallow the tablet and water.

Should you wear gloves when administering oral medication?

When you are giving some types of medications, it is necessary to wear gloves. Change your gloves as soon as you have finished administering medications to the individual. Never re-use gloves for more than one individual and always wash your hands again after you take off your gloves.

How do you ensure safe medication administration?

Start with the basicsVerify any medication order and make sure it’s complete. … Check the patient’s medical record for an allergy or contraindication to the prescribed medication. … Prepare medications for one patient at a time.Educate patients about their medications. … Follow the eight rights of medication administration.

What are the 4 basic rules for medication administration?

The “rights” of medication administration include right patient, right drug, right time, right route, and right dose. These rights are critical for nurses.

What are the 3 checks in medication administration?

WHAT ARE THE THREE CHECKS? Checking the: – Name of the person; – Strength and dosage; and – Frequency against the: Medical order; • MAR; AND • Medication container.

Is it OK to take medicine immediately after eating?

However, as a general rule you should take medicine on an empty stomach (one hour before eating or 2 hours after). This is because many medicines can be affected by what you eat and when you eat it.

What is a medication error?

A medication error is defined as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient, or consumer,” according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention.

What do you need to check when giving PRN medication?

Check if the service user is receiving homely remedies which may contain the same drug. Record the medication given and quantity prescribed if variable dose. Record time given –it is essential that the time is documented to allow the correct interval between doses to be calculated.

What are the 7 rights?

To improve medication safety, the medication process has to be assessed. … To ensure safe medication preparation and administration, nurses are trained to practice the “7 rights” of medication administration: right patient, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, right reason and right documentation [12, 13].

How can medication errors be prevented?

10 Strategies for Preventing Medication ErrorsEnsure the five rights of medication administration. … Follow proper medication reconciliation procedures. … Double check—or even triple check—procedures. … Have the physician (or another nurse) read it back. … Consider using a name alert. … Place a zero in front of the decimal point. … Document everything.More items…•

What components should be included in a medication order?

A complete medication order must include the client’s full name, the date and the time of the order, the name of the medication, the ordered dosage, and the form of the medication, the route of administration, the time or frequency of administration, and the signature of the ordering physician or licensed independent …